China recently marked the 50th anniversary of the "great cultural revolution." This process was launched by the Chairman of the Communist Party of China, Mao Zedong, and in fact consisted in the struggle against traditional multi-faceted China, its culture, traditions and politics.
The official organ of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the People's Daily, made an editorial in which it called the cultural revolution a mistake. Is such an assessment correct? The site diletant.media found out from the experts:
Alexander Gabuev, expert of the Carnegie Moscow Center, Sinologist
The Cultural Revolution is a campaign that ended with an unaccounted-million victims: 1.6 million people are still a very conservative estimate, counting only those killed and hardly considering people, for example, who committed suicide at that time. All serious historians agree that this number can be increased by an order of magnitude. People with higher education, the most prominent, carriers of traditional arts, artisans, all remnants of the old were destroyed. A heap of historical monuments was destroyed, many people suffered the deepest psychological trauma, which is aggravated by attempts to silence and forget everything. Therefore, undoubtedly, the great Chinese cultural revolution is one of the greatest tragedies of the 20th century.
Dmitry Khudyakov, Head of Educational Programs in Oriental and African Studies at the HSE
You see, like any other fundamental process, this phenomenon is complex and multifaceted, depending on which point of view you look at it. From the point of view of Mao Zedong and the philosophical concept of his views, political interests and aspirations, it was not a mistake: it was a thoughtful and correct move. From the point of view of the overwhelming majority of the modern Chinese elite, this, of course, was a monstrous mistake and maybe even a crime. “Crime”, of course, no one will say, because the rule of Mao Zedong is largely connected with revolution and liberation, but on the whole the cultural revolution is evaluated negatively.
Nikolay Kharitonov, Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Regional Policy and the Problems of the North and the Far East
In order to thoroughly analyze the cultural revolution of China, one must live there. I did not live there, but I read and watched a lot. The socio-economic situation of a modern country should be considered an assessment of the cultural revolution. If, after the cultural revolution, the country fell into decay, there would be another conversation. But this did not happen: China began to develop by leaps and bounds, during these 50 years, China has become unrecognizable. In one of the Chinese cities even hangs a poster: "That's what can be done without stealing."
Franz Klintsevich, Member of the Federation Council, Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Defense and Security
Of course, at the level of any common sense, the absurdity that occurred within the framework of this “cultural revolution” was a mistake. Remember when China announced that it would overtake the USSR and the United States combined in metal smelting? Then almost in every Chinese court they tried to install a blast furnace and to make steel in violation of the technology. And the story with sparrows? They forgot them with sticks, because they counted how much grain each bird eats. Sparrows were slaughtered - locusts came down. The cultural revolution eventually led to a bunch of problems.