Optional history. Rules of politeness in the pre-revolutionary city

Put your planet in order

Sorry for the indiscreet question: what are you wearing? It's summer now - the heat is probably you in sandals or light snow-white sneakers. So what? Everything is logical, not walking in the streets. But even in the XIX century, such luxury as open shoes, you would hardly have allowed yourself. At least because the unpaved city streets were a terrible mud mess. Homeowners were obliged to build sidewalks at their own expense. On both sides of the road, slightly receding from the houses, ditches were rummaging, and boards were laying on top. Funds for good wood were not enough for everyone, often the pavement was built from poor woods, anyhow, so the boards quickly rotted, and stepping on them, you could fall into a ditch. In this case, the homeowner should be tactful and take care of the pedestrian if he hurt himself or lost his boots in a thick slurry of drunk impurities. In fact, it all ended in a verbal skirmish.

In the old days, to muffle the knock of the wheels, they spread straw in front of the house.

Another rule arising from the previous one was to regularly clean the ditches in front of your fence, but, unfortunately, this was also often neglected, and soon the street pit was filled with dead chickens and cats, and you had to breathe the scent of decaying animals and horse dung.

In addition to all sorts of smells, the street was filled with a terrible noise. There is no escape - the wooden wagon wheels are made of iron and terribly rattling on the pavement, the horses are neighing and beating their hooves, the cabmen shout their own “Take care!” And what to do if you want silence? Here is another rule of survival in the city: the only way to soften the sound of wheels and reduce street noise is to lay straw in front of the house. This was done, for example, if someone in the family was sick and the family needed rest.

Shoot the dogs, respect the pigeons

Unlike huge crews, a bicycle is a much less noisy type of transport. However, ride it prevented the mongrels, trying to bite the rider for flickering heels. Specially for cyclists compact pocket revolvers “Velodog” were produced. And if no one regretted stray dogs, God forbid you could hurt a pigeon. A dove has long been revered as a sacred bird, and its killing was considered a sacrilege. Going to the city festivities, one should take a pretty penny for food for birds and buy corn from the women.

"Your ford", "Your shining"

And finally, another rule. Today we face an acute problem, how to address a person on the street. We simply do not know what to say: “comrade” has long been inappropriate, “lord” is old-fashioned, and in extreme cases, the ugly messages “man” and “woman” or “girl” and “young man” are used. Our ancestors did not face such a problem, it was only important to remember who to call, because there were a lot of options.

Previously, cyclists carried with them pocket-sized revolvers from dogs

The peasants were called "woman" and "man", and it was not offensive. Ordinary people answered the gentlemen with the appeals “sir,” “lord,” “your nobleness.” People of equal status used "Madame", "Monsieur", "Lord", "Madam". Only a prostitute could call a man a “man”. Some current swear words (for example, “scum” at that time had not had time to get a rough color, and servants sometimes turned to the owners “for you.” Goncharov recalled how one of the sailors, addressing him, said: “... here, your Excellency, wash yourself soon ... and until I get a towel for you to wipe the face! ”.

Watch the video: 2. Being a British Colonist (April 2020).