"King of slaves"

1. Casimir occupied the Polish throne on March 2, 1333. The king headed for the unification of the country. At the same time, the neighbors who attacked the fragmented Polish lands were a serious threat. Kazimir concluded a peace treaty with the Czechs, paying a large sum to Jan. Luxembourg for refusing to claim the Polish throne. Issue price amounted to 20 thousand Prague groszy. Another foreign policy victory was the world with the Teutonic Order. The treaty was concluded in 1343, 10 years after the coronation of Casimir. Poland received the land of Dobrzyńska and Kuiawia. In addition, the king established his authority over the Mazovian principalities and occupied Volyn. Casimir III proved himself as a far-sighted diplomat who, for almost 40 years of rule, sought to preserve the territorial integrity of Poland. Thanks to his activities, the position of the state in the international arena has strengthened.

Casimir acted in various ways, including organizing profitable marriages. For example, his grandson married a Lithuanian princess.

2. Polish nobility painfully perceived the king’s attempts to limit its unlimited power. The gentry plundered both the peasants and the townspeople, taxing them with excessive fees. Their activities were regulated by scattered laws, which Kazimir called "a monster with several heads." Needed was a unified system of law. In 1346 a collection of laws was published, consisting of 34 articles. Natural rent replaced cash. Restricted the right to move the peasants from one village to another. The so-called “right of the dead hand” was abolished, in accordance with which the feudal lord could take away the property of the peasant after his death. On the initiative of Casimir, the creation of a single judicial system began. The monarch was called the "king of slaves" for the protection of the interests of the peasants.


3. Casimir the Great patronized the sciences. When it was founded Krakow (Jagiellonian) University. The corresponding letter was published in 1364. Here, 11 departments functioned, most of them specialized in the study of law. The university also received foreigners. An extensive library, one of the most famous in Poland, was assembled at the school.

4. The Polish king was distinguished by tolerance. With him came the Jews who were forced to leave other European countries. Orthodox residents of Poland were also allowed to practice their faith.

5. Casimir conducted economic transformations. When he was introduced the post of Chancellor. Many cases were withdrawn from the jurisdiction of local courts and transferred to elders. The king encouraged trade and passed legislation concerning the activities of Polish merchants. For example, foreign traders were obliged to sell them imported goods. The country has developed a broad construction, there are new roads. Travel on them was safe - this was another merit of Casimir III.

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Photo for lead - ciekawostkihistoryczne.pl

Sources: world-history.ru

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