Princess Olga burned Drevlyans for the murder of her beloved husband, Ivan the Terrible arranged public executions and killed (at least, so they say) his own son, and in general his name says a lot about management methods. Were there nice and kind people among the rulers of Ancient Russia, whose hands were not stained with blood? These are the characters that diletant.media tried to find with the experts.
Victor Shenderovich, writer
The great Polish satirist Stanislav Jerzy Lec said that history is a collection of facts that should not have been. Naturally, all history textbooks are primarily textbooks of wars, executions and uprisings, rarely peaceful people get into the history textbook. For example, Pasteur, who saved many lives, did not get into textbooks, but Hitler and Stalin got there. Naturally, the history books are filled with those who excelled in wars, so we know better those rulers who distinguished themselves in the field of bloodshed. Remember when the “Name of Russia” competition was in the top 10, it seems, there were seven serial killers from Ivan the Terrible to Stalin, and only Pushkin and Mendeleev were normal candidates. Therefore, I do not think that I will remember someone from those whose hands are not “stained with blood,” we simply don’t know them well, but I think there was enough blood on them.
Alexander Nevzorov, publicist
When we talk about some historical figures, we need to understand that we are dealing with complete lies, regardless of whether the person is written with negative colors or positive ones. All speculation and mythology, but nothing we can no longer verify. It is possible that some characters simply did not exist, and we are now talking about them. But from the more realistic one can say that the country was seriously lucky with the leadership only once: during the reign of the False Dmitry. Let's remember what this man did! He opened the borders, allowed music, foreign clothing, signed all the documents on opening universities, decided to introduce foreign currency circulation and gave Russians the right to travel abroad freely. He took off the stupid taboos imposed by the cathedral on everything, including chess. Later, Dmitry's path will be repeated only by Peter I, and, alas, with a delay of 100 years, which has cost the country dearly, because when we talk about the development of the country, every year is on the account.
Yaroslav Nilov, deputy from the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia, chairman of the State Duma Committee on Public Associations and Religious Organizations
Ivan the Terrible, a collector, a discoverer, a strong statesman who expanded borders, mastered Siberia, took Kazan, was embodied, above all, in the eyes of the world community, into a bloody dictator and tyrant. If we look at what they call him in the West, then he is not Ivan the Terrible, but The Terrible, that is, Terrible. This was done on purpose, such a propaganda work of a certain kind. I believe that this is a legitimate development of civilization, the information struggle of states: they will always say something bad about each other, like two beautiful women who are looking for flaws in each other. This is the natural principle of rivalry.
Igor Danilevsky, Head of the Department of History of Ideas and Methodology of Historical Science at HSE
All rulers had their hands always stained with blood. For a long time it is necessary to look for a ruler who would have had something different. There were two potential rulers of Russia who renounced power, and these were Boris and Gleb, who were immediately “made” holy. All the others were soiled. This is normal, because all the rulers were forced to use force.