World of Art
In 1886, Alexander was born, and in 1899 (he was 12 at that time), the whole family moved to France. In 1910, Alexander received a passport.
Stavisky found his first work in the Fol Mariña Theater. Was a cashier. The first business was also connected with the world of art. With a grandfather for a couple, Alexander created a company engaged in the theater business. They found creditors, took money, went to a restaurant, then a casino, to a brothel, then a couple more times, and more. As usual for the first time. Creditors sued - they did not return the debts. And not what it was. The money remained only for a lawyer. Stavisky hired the best in Paris - Albert Clemenceau, brother of the future president Georges Clemenceau. The sentence - 15 days in prison. Almost justified. This result encouraged the novice scam artist.
Things go uphill
The next business of Stavisky was a brokerage office, organized by him in shares with other accomplices. They sold securities of closed and bankrupt enterprises. This scam was made quite a lot of money. I almost did not go to jail, but the lawyer Clemenceau won the trial.
When the Great War began, Alexander Stavisky settled himself in the most bready place for the swindler - the quartermaster service. The sale of bombs to the Italian government made Staviski half a million francs richer. Here his bank is not only a lawyer. Stavisky did not stint on gifts to wives of superiors, and also willingly lent to command.
Serge Alexander Staviski
After the war, Alexander opened a cabaret. Staviski would not be Staviski if in this cabaret they did not sell drugs, fake jewels and beauties for the night. Do not disdain Stavisky "profession" Alfonso. He got away with all this for the simple reason - he was an agent of Syrte Generale, a secret police station. He was on friendly terms with police chief Kyapp and chief Surte Bayar. He was on good terms with Commissioner Bonnie, one of the best detectives in Paris.
In 1925, Alexander transferred the amount in a check from six thousand dollars to forty-six thousand dollars. The bank checked the check and found a fake. Stavisky’s arrest took place at his own admission. The next day, the photo of Stavisky in a tailcoat and with handcuffs in her arms decorated the front page of the Paris-based newspaper Exelcier. However, Staviski’s acquaintances from both the police were worried about him. The process was transferred 19 times. And the main evidence of the swindler’s guilt was lost! The affair ended in nothing. This case shows that Staviski’s friends from the police received from him not only gifts and greetings, but also likely sums of money. Stavisky not only gave bribes, but also helped to solve problems, supplied call girls to policemen, judges, officials, bankers. And also carefully collected dirt on all of them.
In 1974, in France, the film "Staviski" was shot with Jean-Paul Belmondo in the lead role
Alexander loved a beautiful life, had a luxurious apartment in the aristocratic part of Paris, a racing stable, a villa in Vincennes, had two luxurious cars, liked to relax in Monte Carlo. But he had to interrupt his luxurious life in 1926. Serge Alexander bought stolen securities that he successfully sold on the London Stock Exchange. When the brokers were caught, they gave out Stavisky. Judge Prens sent him to Santa prison for one year and four months. This time, high-ranking friends did not help him.
"The case of Stavisky"
Coming out of prison, Stavisky began to be called none other than Serge Alexander, it was a subtle hint of supposedly Russian noble roots. Serge Alexander conceived a grand scam that was both the loudest and the last in his career. Stavisky gave chic tricks that supported his reputation as a man of high society and a successful businessman. In one such reception in the summer of 1929, he invited the director of the Orleans city pawnshop "Credit Myunsyupal", Monsieur Debrosse. "Credit Municipal" - was a pawnshop system, founded by Louis XVI. They could get loans at moderate interest rates, their credibility was extremely high. This attracted Serge Alexander. Stavisky suggested that DeBrosse become his partner, he agreed. The next day, he brought 96 large diamonds to the pawnshop, which his partner did not check carefully. Serge Alexander had a state certificate executed according to all the rules. It was signed by a certain Monsieur Cauchon. Naturally diamonds were fake. Whether Monsieur Debrosse was an accomplice of Stavisky was never proven, although it is quite likely. The authorities became interested in the affairs of the Orleans branch, where the auditor was sent. However, at the very last moment, Stavisky procured 15 million francs, in which fake stones were evaluated, and the check did not produce results.
However, she did not give the swindler to turn in full force. For further action, he chose Bayonne - a small provincial town on the west coast of France. Serge Alexander suggested that his mayor Garou turn the Bayonne pawnshop "Credit Myunsypal" into a powerful credit institution. The scam consisted in the following. Pawnbrokers had the right to issue money bonds for pledged values, which could be false. Further, these bonns were sold to various people as normal securities. In Bayonne, there were a large number of Spanish immigrants who donated jewelry, but Stavisky also supplemented their number with fake certificates with fake certificates. Serge Alexander started the case on a wide stream. Newspapers printed articles about the reliability of the Bonn, which increased their demand. Bonn issue was made with a clear violation, they often had no security, even in the form of fake jewels. Bonn sold at low prices. At the same time, Alexander Stavisky pursued a policy of loyalty to small depositors, to whom payments were made just in time, therefore small depositors stood for him a mountain!
Frame from the film "Staviski"
The auditors visited the local branch of “Credit Municipal”, but found no violations. Now, Stavisky’s friends were the Prosecutor of the Republic of Pressar and half of the cabinet of ministers, almost the entire leadership of Surte, and a significant part of the judiciary. The accident occurred in the winter of 1933. One of the insurance companies presented bonuses for a million francs. There was no money for Serge Alexander. Insurers appealed to the financial authorities, and it turned out that the bonuses with numbers that were presented for payment simply did not exist.
And then Monsieur Stavisky passed his companion. Director of “Credit Münsüpal” Tessier appeared in the office of the investigating judge and said: “Arrest me, I am a fraud”. He told about fake jewels and bonns. After that, arrests began. Debrosse, the mayor of Gar, the company's clerks, the keeper of the safes, was arrested, but Serge Alexander himself fled. On the run, he was accompanied by felon Henri Vois and former mistress Luciet Albert. They fled to Switzerland in Shaman. But here Stavisky makes a fatal mistake, he is a hardened swindler, he entrusts Monsieur Valibert, who thanks to his money and connections falls into the cabinet of ministers. Stavisky sends him a message about his whereabouts. It is logical that they decide to get rid of him - such a convenient moment presented himself!
Meanwhile, the country is restless. The press vigorously covers the Stavisky case and all its peripetias, new details about corruption in higher spheres appear. Fuel to the fire adds Jewish origin of the protagonist of the action. The far right is coming to the protests! The left go to the protests!
In January 1934, the police suddenly appeared in the villa. The official version of the appearance of the police was the search for recidivist Henri Voy. His signature was found in the villa rental documents. It is noteworthy that Henri Voy was an agent of the police Surte. Surrounding the building, the commissioner ordered the owner of the villa to come up from the front door and open the door, and two more policemen sent through the back door to enter the house. Further, according to the police report, at that moment, when the owner of the villa opened the door with his key, and Commissioner Charpentier entered the house, a shot rang out in the back of the villa. The witness of the incident, the host Vieux, then said that before he heard the shot, someone shouted: "Do not shoot!". Who shouted, it was not established. It is known for certain that at this moment there were policemen in the villa, Henri Voy, Stavisky. Arriving at the sound of a shot, Charpentier discovered the dying Stavisky. Next to him lay a revolver, and there was a wound in his head. The revolver lay next to his right hand. Serge Alexander died the next day in the hospital. In conclusion they recorded suicide.
Staviski's Tomb at Pere Lachaise Cemetery
On February 6, right-wing anti-republican forces staged a demonstration on the Champs-Elysées, which resulted in an unsuccessful attempt at a fascist coup. The next day, February 7, 1934, the newly formed government of the socialist Daladier resigned.