Elections to the State Duma of the Russian Empire of the first convocation were held from March 26 to April 20, 1906, and their preparation began in January 1906. The first elections were not direct, equal and universal. Prior to participation were not allowed women, young people under 25 years old, military personnel and a number of national minorities. The elected Duma of the first convocation held only one session and existed for 72 days, after which it was dissolved by Emperor Nicholas II.
We present you to view a small photo gallery of the First State Duma of the Russian Empire.
Postcard devoted to the elections to the State Duma (1906)
State Emblem at the Duma Department
Elections to the State Duma of the first convocation. The working staff of the election commission for the election of electors in the hall of the city duma
The work of the commission on the counting of votes
Grand opening of the State Duma and the State Council (lower and upper houses of parliament) was held on April 27, 1906 in the Winter Palace with the participation of Nicholas II. On the same day, the first meeting of the Duma was held in the Tauride Palace of St. Petersburg.
Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna with their accompanying persons pass along the Neva embankment on the opening day of the First State Duma
Emperor Nicholas II, Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress Dowager Maria Feodorovna and persons accompanying them pass along the Neva Embankment to the Winter Palace to receive deputies of the First State Duma
A group of deputies of the First State Duma is sent to the Winter Palace to receive the emperor Nicholas II
Grand opening of the State Duma and the State Council. Winter Palace. April 27, 1906
Officers of the guard regiments at the Winter Palace during the reception by Emperor Nikolai II of members of the City Council and deputies of the First State Duma
A group of generals retinue on the Neva Embankment near the Winter Palace on the opening day of the First State Duma
State Duma building, Tavrichesky Palace
Conference Hall of the State Duma in the Tauride Palace, St. Petersburg
The arrival of deputies of the First State Duma to the first meeting in the Tauride Palace (in white hat - a deputy from the Tula province, Prince G. E. Lvov)
A group of deputies of the First State Duma at the Tauride Palace on the opening day of the Duma
The first meeting of the Duma in the Tauride Palace
A group of deputies of the First State Duma in the meeting room of the Tauride Palace
Wives of deputies of the First State Duma for tea
Of the 478 deputies of the first convocation (499 deputies were originally, the election of 11 was annulled) there were 176 deputies from the Cadet party, 16 were Octobrists, 97 were Trudoviks, 105 were non-Party people, 18 were Social Democrats (Mensheviks). The rest were part of the regional-national parties and associations that were mostly adjacent to the liberal wing.
Deputies of the State Duma of the first convocation, 1906
Social Democratic faction I of the State Duma
Labor Group I of the State Duma
The first State Duma in Russia lasted only 72 days. The discussion of the agrarian question caused the growth of public excitement among the masses and revolutionary actions in the country.
Session of the Agrarian Commission of the First State Duma, St. Petersburg, May 1906
On July 9, 1906, deputies came to the Tavrichesky Palace for a regular meeting and stumbled upon closed doors. Nearby on the post hung a manifesto signed by the tsar on the termination of the work of the First Duma, since it, called upon to "bring peace" to society, only "kindles distemper." During its work, the State Duma accepted 391 requests for illegal government actions.
Deputies of the State Duma dissolved in 1906 arrive in Vyborg
After the dissolution of the Duma, about 200 deputies, including the Cadets, the Trudoviks and the Social Democrats, gathered in Vyborg, where they accepted an appeal to "People from the people's representatives." The government instituted criminal proceedings against the signatories of the Vyborg Appeal. By court decision, all the "signatories" stayed for three months, and then were deprived of their electoral rights in the elections to the new Duma and to other public posts.