Unknown Ulyanovs

Anna Ulyanova-Elizarova

Anna was the first child in the family of the Inspector of Public Schools Ilya Nikolaevich Ulyanov and his wife Maria Alexandrovna. She was born on 14 (26) August 1864. Anna has always been successful in her studies: first she graduated from the Simbirsk Mariinsky Women's Gymnasium with a silver medal, then she continued to receive her education at the Bestuzhev Higher Women's Courses in the capital.

In her twenties, Anna was fascinated by revolutionary ideas. In 1886, she, along with other students, participated in the demonstration, and soon was completely arrested on suspicion of involvement in terrorist organizations: she was considered an accomplice of Alexander's younger brother, who was convicted of preparing an assassination attempt on the emperor. Five years of exile - that was the sentence of Anna Ulyanova.

After the October Revolution, Lenin’s sister was invited to work at the People’s Commissariat of Social Welfare, and then at the People’s Commissariat of Education. Anna also worked as a research assistant at the Marx-Engels-Lenin Institute. She died in 1935, having managed to write a memoir about the childhood of the famous brother. The book was published under the name "Children and school years of Ilyich."

Alexander Ulyanov

Alexander became the second child in the Ulyanov family - he was born on March 31 (April 12), 1866, almost two years later after the birth of her elder sister Anna. Interestingly, Alexander achieved some success in his studies: he received a gold medal at the end of his studies at the gymnasium, and was able to enroll at St. Petersburg University. In the same place he was captured by thoughts of revolution.

Together with his friend Peter Shevyrev he organized the Terrorist faction of the “Narodnaya Volya” party. The accomplices conceived the murder of the emperor. For the sake of his goal, Alexander even sold a medal given to him for his achievements in teaching (at least for some reason it came in handy): with the proceeds he bought explosives for making a bomb. The attempt, scheduled for March 1, 1887, failed. The conspirators were under arrest in the case of the "Second March 1." The leaders of the Terrorist faction, among whom was Alexander Ulyanov, were sentenced to be hanged. The execution was carried out on May 8 (20), 1887 in the Schlusselburg Fortress.

Olga Ulyanova

Olga, born on November 4 (16), 1871, was successful in teaching, like all the children in the Ulyanov family: she also graduated from high school with a gold medal. The girl dreamed of working as a teacher, but this path was closed for the sister of the executed revolutionary. In 1890, Olga still managed to become a student of the physics and mathematics department of Bestuzhev's courses, but she was destined to study there for only a few months. Soon the girl fell ill with typhoid fever and died. It happened on May 8 (20), 1891 - exactly four years after the hanging of the elder brother Alexander.

Dmitry Ulyanov

Dmitry was born on August 16 (28), 1874. Vladimir's younger brother chose a medical career. He studied at Moscow University, where he began to attend meetings of illegal circles. Interest in revolutionary ideas had a negative impact on his studies: in 1897, Dmitry was arrested and expelled from school on charges of unauthorized activity. Of course, Ulyanov could not even dream of a prestigious Moscow education. True, he still managed to study for a doctor at the University of Tartu.

After the October Revolution, Dmitry was hired by the People’s Commissariat of Health, then became an employee of the Polyclinic of the Kremlin’s Sanitary Department. He died during World War II - Lenin's younger brother did not become July 16, 1943.

Maria Ulyanova

Maria, the youngest daughter of Ulyanovs, was born on February 6 (18), 1878. She also graduated from high school, and then enrolled in two-year courses for home teachers. In 1898, a twenty-year-old girl became a member of the RSDLP and engaged in the distribution of prohibited literature. She also acted as a liaison. After a series of arrests, Maria left the country and went to Switzerland. True, she returned a year later, but soon left again - this time to France. Maria studied at the Sorbonne and received a diploma of a French teacher.

After the revolution, the youngest of Ulyanovs did a lot of journalism: for example, she became a member of the editorial board of the Pravda newspaper. Mary died in 1937. The urn with its ashes is buried in the wall of the Kremlin.

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