Multi-colored spinning puzzle
The invention of the Rubik's cube belongs to the Hungarian architect and scientist Erna Rubik. According to one of the legends, he, being an associate professor at the Academy of Applied Arts and Crafts, came up with a toy to explain to his students how the mathematical theory of groups works in practice. The scientist assembled a single object from twenty-seven multi-colored small cubes, the elements of which could move without breaking the general unity. It is interesting that Rubik himself needed a month to solve this problem.
Over time, the number of faces from 156 was reduced to 54. This was achieved due to the facing of the edges of the parts. In the mid-1970s, the toy was patented in Hungary under the name "Magic Cube", and gradually lovers of difficult tasks began to learn about it. Among them was the German entrepreneur Tibor Lakzi. World madness Rubik's cube - the handiwork of Lakzi and his partner Tom Kremer.
George W. Bush Tries to Assemble the Rubik's Cube, 2000s
The businessmen brought the toy to the USA, registered it there as a Rubik's cube and began mass production. By the early 1980s, the circulation exceeded one million. Cube twisted almost everyone and everywhere. For 30 years, more than 350 million cubes were sold, which made this toy the best-selling in the world.
Limited edition Rubik's cube dedicated to the wedding of Prince Charles and Diana. Published in 1981 in the UK
Aliens on Earth
The idea of a Tamagotchi pet toy, which could be carried everywhere with you and which you should take care of as a real animal, belongs to Aki Maita, a Japanese girl who signed a contract with Bandai in 1996. By the way, this company is still the third largest toy manufacturer in the world. To attract customers, a legend about aliens was invented. Allegedly, Tamagotchi are special space suits, invented for newcomers who have flown to Earth, to whom our living conditions did not fit.
The user had to keep track of his pet. If he did not do this, the hero died. Often death was perceived by children as a real tragedy. That is why the company soon fell down a lot of lawsuits from parents who claimed that their offspring had fallen into depression because of the death of the virtual pet. There were even cases of suicide of children.
The wild popularity of the toy did not last long. This was largely due to the fact that new affordable phones and computers began to appear, games for them (not black and white, like tamagotchi, but colored). However, the very idea of creating a virtual being, whose life can be controlled, has taken root very well, and today we can meet a lot of Tamagotchi reincarnations.
The game is because of the "iron curtain"
The electronic game Tetris in 1984 was created by the Soviet scientist Alexey Pajitnov. The idea was based on the popular at that time game of pentamino, where from different figures, each of which consisted of 5 cells, it was necessary to assemble one large figure. However, due to technical difficulties, it was not possible to make such an electronic game, then Pazhitnov had an idea to reduce the number of cells to 4 and introduce a timer.
With the help of a 16-year-old schoolboy Vadim Gerasimov, the game was adapted for a computer. Tetris quickly spread through the Union. Despite the incredible popularity, the game did not bring any profit to its inventors. In fact, Tetris belonged to the Computing Center of the USSR Academy of Sciences, where Gerasimov worked.
Tetris got abroad thanks to Robert Stein - he visited the USSR in 1986, saw the invention and offered to buy out the rights to the game, but the negotiations were long and difficult. Stein, thinking that the deal was still done, proposed to develop the idea of Tetris of Microsoft. That, in turn, gave it to colleagues from Spectrum Holobyte. They did not even suspect that they would actually engage in pirated copying of the program, making only minor additions. In 1988, the game was published.
The success was incredible. The demand for a toy grew every day. It happened that company employees spent more time on tetris than on work. This provoked a rumor that the production of the game was funded by the KGB.