April 6, 1908 in the Georgian Gori in the Armenian family was born the future People's Artist of the USSR Vano Muradov. Since childhood, he played guitar and piano. This did not prevent him in a more adult age to work as a pianist and loader. Being a native of the same city as Stalin, Vano decided to become even closer to the first person of the country and changed his last name to Georgian style. So Muradov became Muradeli.
During his student years at the Moscow Conservatory, Muradeli was famous for his patriotic ideas, which were reflected in his music. He devoted his first symphony to the memory of Kirov, the murdered friend of Stalin. To his music, they celebrated the birthday of Moscow, and volunteer Komsomol members went to conquer virgin soil.
Once the composer Vasily Solovyov-Sedoy joked:
- Vano, you're not a composer.
- Why, Vasya, I'm not a composer?
- Because the surname is Muradeli. Instead of “mi” you have “mu”, instead of “re” - “ra”, instead of “do” - “de”, instead of “la” - “li”. You, Vano, do not fall into the notes!
However, in the fall of 1941, there was no time for jokes. Vano Muradeli and the poet Yakov Helemsky received an urgent task - to create a song for the first anti-fascist rally of youth. Like everything else during the war, the song "Take Arms, Citizens" was written in no time - in one day. Immediately after the speech, Vano Ilyich went to the front, where on the front line, 40 km from Vyazma, the song sounded a second time. Muradeli himself said: “... it so happened that it was never published or executed again - the fact is that neither Helemsky nor I had my own copy, the score was also lost. So the song is also "missing". It was possible to partially restore the text only in 1969 after the excavation of a mass grave in the Smolensk region, where they found a folded newspaper sheet with barely recognizable letters. Learning about the discovery, Vano Ilyich himself wanted to restore the score and give a concert at the mass grave, but did not have time to do it.
There were black pages in the biography of the favorite composer of the party. For the opera "Great Friendship" about the October Revolution in the Caucasus, Muradeli was persecuted. Chechens, Ingushs, Georgians and Ossetians disliked by Stalin were exhibited in the work as heroes. Stalin was even approved of music, because she reminded him of Shostakovich’s opera “Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk”, which had once been declared “confusion instead of music”.
Oborin, Khachaturian, Eliasberg, Muradeli backstage BZF
And in our memory, the music of Vano Muradeli is inextricably linked with the text of Alexander Sobolev and the voice of Muslim Magomayev, united with the song “Buchenvaldsky alarm” about the victims of the Nazi concentration camp. When Vano Ilich wrote music on the text, he called the author and said that he could not hold back his tears:
It has been revived and strengthened.
In the copper rumble of righteous blood.
This victims come alive from the ashes.
And they rebelled again, and rebelled again.
And they rebelled
And they rebelled
And rebelled again
Muradeli was not always faithful to his work. For example, if Stalin did not like something, then he immediately changed it. As, for example, it was with the same opera "Friendship of Peoples". Dissatisfied, Stalin demanded to change the text, or no one else would hear the opera. Then Muradeli changed the text, and soon composed a flattering hymn in honor of the friendship of China and the USSR, Stalin and Mao:
Russian with Chinese - brothers forever,
The unity of nations and races is growing stronger
A simple man walks with a song
Stalin and Mao listen to us
Muradeli's music provided the patriotic mood of the Soviet citizens, she supported the soldiers in between fights. Vano Muradeli is both an ardent Stalinist and a critic of the totalitarian regime, the camp system, the author of incredible works of art that could change under the pressure of ideology. He died on August 13, 1970 in Tomsk.