Kamo, an accomplice and Stalin's first victim

Year of production: 1972

Country: USSR

Simon Ter-Petrosyan made friends with Joseph Dzhugashvili as a child in his native Gori: a young Georgian was training a young Armenian in the Russian language. After Simon was expelled from the school for bad behavior in the lessons of God's law, he took up the revolutionary work in Transcaucasia. Stalin gave him a party nickname, he remembered that his pupil often asked “To” instead of “What” in class.

Kamo organized underground printing presses, sought and transported weapons, but his main task was to find funds for the Bolshevik party fund. Stalin and Kamo organized several expropriations, that is, banal robberies, the loudest of which was the attack on a collector carriage in Tiflis on June 13, 1907. At the same time, several dozen people were killed and injured, including bystanders. Production in terms of the current rate was about five million US dollars. The money was transferred to Europe to Lenin, but it was not possible to spend it completely. Part of the production was in 500-ruble banknotes, the numbers of which the Russian authorities sent to all European banks. When trying to exchange five-hundred rubles in Paris, Geneva and other cities, future Soviet people's commissars Litvinov and Semashko were detained, as well as a number of other revolutionaries. According to the memoirs of Krupskaya, just in case the remnant of large bills simply burned.

On November 9, 1907, the German police took Kamo with a load of weapons and explosives. During his time in prison, he so convincingly imitated insanity that he deceived famous German psychiatrists. Issued to Russia, he landed in Metekhsky prison castle in Tiflis. Although a few years before he had already escaped from this institution, now the escape attempt failed, and Kamo was serving a sentence before the overthrow of the autocracy.

Kamo participated in the revolutionary events in the Caucasus, worked in the Cheka and the Ministry of Foreign Trade of Georgia. On the evening of July 13, 1922, a truck hit a bicycle that was rolling on Kamo. The revolutionary died, and the driver was never found. In Tiflis, it was rumored that Stalin, gaining party weight, got rid of a man who knew too much about his criminal past. Stalin took revenge on his childhood friend after his death. By his order, the monument to Kamo was demolished and members of his family were repressed.