Today, in order to determine the pregnancy of a woman, it is enough to do a simple blood test. But earlier, when medical knowledge was at a primitive level, it was not so easy to find out if a woman was expecting a child, and sometimes very strange methods were used for this. We would like to talk about them today.
The people of ancient Egypt were convinced that the birth of a boy or girl depended on the moon. So, conception at the full moon guaranteed the appearance of a boy, conception on a new lunar day - a girl.
The women of ancient Egypt, according to the information preserved on the papyrus of that time and survived to our days, in order to find out the pregnancy and the sex of the child instead of the pregnancy test and ultrasound used grain. To this end, the woman had to urinate in two bags with different grains: one with barley and the other with wheat. If barley germinated, then a boy should be born, but if wheat germinated - a girl. If the grain did not germinate at all, it was considered a sign that the woman was not pregnant.
An interesting fact is that the experiments conducted in the laboratory by modern scientists have shown that in 70% of cases of confirmed pregnancy after exposure to the grain of urine, the grain actually germinated. This is due to a special hormone that is contained in the urine of a pregnant woman. When the experiment was repeated with the urine of a non-pregnant woman or man, the grain did not germinate.
There was another method in ancient Egypt, according to which, to determine pregnancy, one should drink the milk of a nursing mother who gave birth to a boy. If, after this procedure, a woman began to vomit, then this could be considered proof of pregnancy.
Jewish women snagged and walked on the tall grass barefoot. The deep mark left in the grass was considered an indicator of pregnancy.
The famous ancient Greek physician Hippocrates believed that in order to determine pregnancy, a woman needs to drink water with honey overnight. If, in time, abdominal cramps begin - this indicates a positive result. But, despite this strange assumption, it was Hippocrates who for the first time clearly formulated the relationship between the cessation of menstruation and the pregnancy of a woman.
In ancient Greece, midwives made conclusions based on an analysis of objective signs, such as lack of appetite, cessation of menstruation, nausea and vomiting, pigmentation on the face and the like. But various absurd methods were used in parallel, for example, a special red stone was pounded in the face of a woman, if the dust from a stone fell into the eyes of a woman, then she was considered pregnant.
In ancient Rome, it was believed that if the spouses in the process of sexual intercourse lie on the right side, then a boy will be born, if on the left side, then, accordingly, a girl. It was also believed that a meat diet for 2 months guaranteed the birth of a boy, a milk diet - a girl. The sex of the first child by birth in the household of the first lamb for 9 months was determined.
Experienced masters from ancient China determined the presence of pregnancy and the sex of the future baby by the pulse of a woman.
The ancient people of China believed that in order to conceive a boy, a woman needed to have a head to the north during sexual intercourse, and to conceive a girl - a head to the south. The first-born sex was determined according to rice, namely in the first trimester a woman cooked rice, if it turned out crumbly - a boy would be born, if rice porridge would turn out, then a girl would be born.
And in Russia, during the wedding, a girl was tied a woolen thread or short beads around her neck. If the thread became tight and started to press, it was removed, and the young woman was declared pregnant. Modern doctors explain the emergence of this method by the fact that pregnant women often have an enlarged thyroid gland.
Also in Russia, the sex of the firstborn was determined by the amount of the harvest: the rich harvest was a boy, the thin one was a girl. Broom rods were used to determine sex. A pregnant woman pulled out several twigs from a broom and folded it in half, if the twigs remained in the same position, it was thought that a girl would be born, if the twigs were straightened, it means that a boy will be born.
During the Middle Ages in Europe, men who dreamed about their son laid an ax under their pillow. Women who dreamed of a son put a pinch of salt under the mattress. Men who wanted a daughter, before intercourse, drank honey drink, and women - the first milk yield of cow's milk. In the Middle Ages, it was customary to determine the sex of the unborn child according to weather conditions. For example, if fertilization occurred in rainy weather — a girl would be born; if the weather was dry, a boy would be born.
In the Middle Ages, women who wanted to determine pregnancy were mixing their morning urine with wine in equal shares. If a woman is pregnant, the liquid should remain transparent and light, and if not - curl and dim.
Modern methods of determining the fact of pregnancy are all based on the identification in the urine or blood of the hormone, characteristic of only pregnant women - hCG.
Residents of Germany used a different method - it was necessary to urinate on flowers that had not yet blossomed. Three days later it was necessary to evaluate the result, if the flowers bloomed like wild color, it means that a woman is waiting for a baby, if not - alas.
Test strips appeared in 1988. Decisive lines appeared on paper in five to fifteen minutes, but they were rather vague, and their number was rather approximate.
Tablet tests created in the 90s were more accurate than their predecessors, but less convenient to use. The urine should be pipetted, with which it should be applied to a special reagent plate. It was possible to evaluate the result in three to five minutes.
Pregnancy Kit, 1980. With this test, it was possible to measure the content of chorionic gonadotropic hormone in the urine. The kit included antiserum, latex, tubes and a mixing container.
In 1996, the paper was replaced with latex, which made the test strips immediately became clearer. The waiting time for the result was reduced to just one minute. The test systems created by modern scientists are very easy to use. They are enough for five seconds to place under a stream of urine, and the woman can already immediately evaluate the result.
Recently, tests began to make electronic. The method of application of this test and its principle of operation is the same as that of other analogues, but instead of strips that many women tend to interpret in their own way, an unambiguous “plus” or “minus” immediately appears on such tests.
Here is a long way to pass the tests in its evolution from bags of grain to the electronic symbol of plus or minus.