The theater, which begins not with a hanger, but with a doll, is a theater, one of whose performances is listed in the Guinness Book of Records, a theater where even adults can feel like children. All this is the Sergei Obraztsov Puppet Theater in Moscow. About the history of one of the world's largest puppet theater will tell today Diletant.media.
Exemplary Puppet Theater
The Academic Central Puppet Theater (as the Obraztsov Theater was once called) was created back in 1931. The initiator of the opening was the House of Art Parenting Children (there was one like that). It’s hard to believe, but at first only 12 people worked in the theater! From the first days, the outstanding theater leader Sergei Vladimirovich Obraztsov took over the leadership of the theater. By the beginning of the theater, Obraztsov was already known as an entertainer who worked in the genre of “romances with dolls” and staged puppet shows - you will be surprised - in the vaudeville genre! In addition, it was he who first showed on the scene the interaction of the actor and the doll. In one of the variety miniatures of Obraztsov, he played the father of Tyapa's doll, put on his hand. It was a real breakthrough in the field of puppet theaters.
Sergey Vladimirovich Obraztsov
Catch up and overtake
Of course, the theater, designed for children, was intended to educate them and teach them to the mind. But at the same time, the puppet theater was supposed to become a theater-laboratory, go ahead of the rest of the planet in the field of puppetry. I was very fond of “catching up and overtaking” in the Soviet Union. True, the theater was not in a hurry to provide material goods - it is not worth the theater-goers to think of the lowland.
Nevertheless, the troupe under the leadership of Obraztsova got down to business, and each year carefully supplied two or three new performances. The theater was constantly in search of its own style, alternating agitational performances and folk tales. One of the main discoveries of the theater is the play “By the Pike”, which was presented on the stage in 1936. Its special feature was a unique circular screen that complemented the carnival atmosphere of the performance.
The play "According to the wish of God" 2014
Another breakthrough of the theater was the creation of a satirical performance genre. The first tests were carried out during the Great Patriotic War, when the theater was evacuated to Novosibirsk and traveled with performances in the army.
Soldiers were shown the “Front-line program” - a sort of set of parody sketches on various political topics. But the top performance of the satirical genre in the puppet theater was the play “Unusual Concert”, which is even listed in the Guinness Book of Records!
The play "Unusual Concert"
Back to the roots
The theater differed from many others by the fact that it tried to be accessible to the maximum number of spectators. Actors hand in hand with dolls traveled to yards, schools, houses of culture and parks. It was then that an attempt was made to revive the hot-house farce as a traditional form of puppet theater. At that time, the famous “parshechnikov” couple worked in the theater: Zaitsev and Triganova. In 1932 the first premiere of the Academic Central Theater took place - the play “Jim and Dollar”. The play was written specially for the Moscow theater by Andrei Globa. In 1940, the theater staged the first performance for adults - “The Magic Lamp of Alladin”.
The performance "The Magic Lamp of Aladdin"
After 1956, the Moscow Puppet Theater becomes a frequent guest of the festivals held on the initiative of the International Union of Puppet Theater Workers. Numerous guest performances of Obraztsov prompted the opening of puppet theaters in Poland, Bulgaria, Hungary and the Czech Republic.
In 1937, the theater becomes so popular that the government decides to allocate space for him in the very center of Moscow on Mayakovsky Square. But the theater moved to its famous modern building on the Garden Ring only in 1970. It is a special architectural complex that is a model for many puppet theaters in the world. It's all about the complex sliding curtain and transforming walls that create the effect of "running sound."
Strangely enough, initially the building of the theater was a dull gray block, which in no way resembled a temple of art. It was then that Sergey Obraztsov decided to decorate the facade with fabulous clocks that became a real symbol of the theater. Pavel Shimes and Dmitry Shakhovskoy worked on the creation of the concept of the favorite Obraztsov tower clocks, and the clockwork itself created Veniamin Kalmanson.
This clock, measuring 4 meters in length and 3 in width, is essentially a construction of 12 houses, each of which, as you may have guessed, corresponds to its own hour. Inside the houses are hidden figures of fairy-tale characters. At noon and midnight, all the figures are shown at the same time; at the rest of the time, you can see only one character, hear the rooster cry and the favorite children's song, "Whether in the garden in the garden." True, residents of nearby houses began to complain that the rooster's night singing prevented them from sleeping. So the rooster had to be transferred to the quiet night mode.
The famous clock on the facade of the Obraztsov Puppet Theater