Prosecutor Andrey Vyshinsky

The future public prosecutor was born in December 1883 in sunny Odessa. His mother worked as a music teacher. Father was a successful pharmacist. Thanks to the family’s own business, little Andrew receives an excellent education in one of the best schools in the city, electing “jurisprudence” as his future profession.

However, fascinated by the ideas of revolutionary youth, he was rather quickly expelled from Kiev University and forced to return to Baku, where he almost immediately joined the Menshevik party. Already at this point, you can with high probability predict the future path and biography of Vyshinsky in the "Trotskyists' firing lists", but Andrei Yanuarevich, as they say, "was born in a shirt." He instantly gained popularity in the narrow circles of the revolutionary youth, as an excellent tribune, but when the rumblings of the 1905 revolution went into oblivion, Vyshinsky receives a sentence for “excessive oratory” and goes to prison to serve a year’s imprisonment. Perhaps it was this link that influenced the whole future life of the young revolutionary, since the prisoner Joseph Stalin became his acquaintance.

Freed, Andrew still decides to get a legal education in Ukraine, and then stay to work at the local department, but even here there were strengths of this world, who felt that an “unreliable” person could not hold this position.

Vyshinsky returns to Baku, holding a deep insult, but the February revolution already covers Russia. He becomes the head of the local government. A “fatal order” signed by Vyshinsky about finding a “German spy” Vladimir Lenin is published in this post, but it was at this moment that Andrey Yanuarevich showed political foresight and joined the Bolshevik Party, thanks to the patronage of Joseph Stalin, where from 1923 he began his career in office representative of the state prosecution.

In 1928-1930 - Representative of the Supreme Court in the “Shakhty case” and the “case of the Industrial Party”.


In 1937-1938 as a prosecutor of the USSR, he provided legal support to the head of the NKVD, Nikolai Yezhov, in the framework of mass repressions included in the Russian history of Russia, as the “Great Terror”.


His “courts” were passionate and convincing, making a strong impression on the panel of judges and numerous witnesses.


Nikolai Yezhov was shot, and Andrei Vyshinsky, exposing the “lawlessness” of state security officers, was appointed chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars, who oversaw the “holy trinity” - culture, education, and law enforcement agencies. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941−1945. Vyshinsky becomes Deputy Commissar for Foreign Affairs and takes part in the most significant conferences of that time, primarily “Yalta” and “Potsdam”. Soon after the end of the war - in 1949 - he held the post of Foreign Minister.

However, shortly after the death of the Father of Nations, he was transferred to the post of USSR representative to the United Nations. At that time he was 70 years old.

Andrei Vyshinsky escaped the dock and died suddenly from a heart attack in New York on November 22, 1954. He was cremated and buried with state honors in the Kremlin wall on Red Square. Please listen to the full speech of the public prosecutor and draw your own conclusions about this period of our history and possible modern analogies.

Watch the video: Andrey Vyshinsky (February 2020).

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