Diletant.media publishes a small biography and photographs of Paul von Hindenburg, a German military and political figure.
Paul von Hindenburg was born in the family of a Prussian officer in Poznan. He graduated from the cadet corps. Participant of the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and the Franco-Prussian War of 1870−71. During the 1st World War, from the end of August 1914, Hindenburg commanded the 8th German army in East Prussia, and from November - the troops of the entire Eastern Front.
In young age
From August 1916 he became chief of the General Staff, in fact the commander in chief, receiving the status of a national hero and the nickname "Iron Hindenburg." After the death of Friedrich Ebert, the first president of the Weimar Republic, on February 28, 1925, Hindenburg, with the support of a bloc of right-wing parties, agreed to run for president. April 26, 1925, having received 14.6 million votes, Hindenburg was elected president.
Hindenburg with his wife, 1917
Officially stating that he intended to strictly adhere to the Weimar Constitution and the terms of the Versailles Treaty of 1919, he nonetheless began to support the military-monarchist and Nazi organizations. Hindenburg was the honorary chairman of the Steel Helmet military organization. Hindenburg’s policy contributed to the revival of the German military potential and the restoration of Germany’s military might.
Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (the future president of the country), Kaiser Wilhelm II (expelled from Germany by the revolution) and General Erich Ludendorff (Hitler's ally in the “beer putsch”)
On April 10, 1932, he was re-elected president with the help of right-wing Social Democratic leaders, receiving 53% of the votes (19,359,650; Hitler - 13,418.011; Telman - 3,706,655 votes). On May 30, 1932, Hindenburg ousted Heinrich Bruening from power and replaced him with Franz von Papen, who represented the interests of the Reichswehr and the magnates of heavy industry. After the National Socialist Workers Party of Germany received widespread support and became the country's strongest party in the elections to the Reichstag in July and November 19, Hindenburg faced the question of appointing a coalition government that would include Hitler and the Nazis. January 30, 1933 Hindenburg transferred power into the hands of the Nazis, instructing Hitler to form a government. From this point on, political activity and the influence of the Hindenburg began to fall.
Paul von Hindenberg and Adolf Hitler
Caricature "German Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg pushes millions of soldiers to death«
Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (left) and General Erich Ludendorff (right)
After the bloody events of the Night of the Long Knives, Hindenburg signed a congratulatory telegram to Hitler prepared by the Führer himself: “On the basis of the reports I just received, I was convinced that thanks to your determination and your personal bravery you managed to strangle in the bud the intrigues of the traitors. I express to you this telegram my deep appreciation and sincere gratitude. Accept assurances of my best feelings. ” Von Hindenburg died on August 2, 1934 in his family estate, Neudeke. On August 12, that is, a week and a half after the marshal’s death, his will was published. No one had any doubt that the document was falsified; several phrases indicated that they were clearly written under the dictation of Hitler, since they coincided exactly with the views of the Fuhrer.
In the first row: Adolf Hitler, Paul von Hindenburg, Hermann Göring, Franz von Papen
August von Mackensen and Paul von Hindenburg
The testament ended with the following words: “My Chancellor Adolf Hitler and his movement allowed the German people to take a historic decisive step towards internal unity, rising above all class differences and differences in social conditions. I leave my German people with the firm hope that my aspirations, which were formed in 1919 and gradually matured until January 30, 1933, will develop to the full and final fulfillment of the historical mission of our people. Firmly believing in the future of our country, I can quietly close my eyes. ”