Combat guns that do not fit into the turn of history

Shinano aircraft carrier

According to the creators, the Shinano was to become one of the three super-power battleships of the Yamato type. But soon the idea had to be significantly adjusted - in the battle for Midway, Japan lost four aircraft carriers. It was a real failure. Therefore, the "Shinano" finished building as an aircraft carrier.

Due to the fact that the ship was originally created as a linear, much to redo it was no longer possible. For example, "Shinano" was distinguished by enhanced booking, which most directly affected its speed. But most importantly, unlike the real aircraft carriers, capable of “dragging off” more than eight dozen winged cars, the Shinano fit just over forty. Well, the maximum air group could consist of forty-seven aircraft. That was certainly not enough.

Fighting path "Shinano" lasted only 17 hours

Construction of the aircraft carrier was carried out at an accelerated pace. And on October 5, 1944, the ship was launched. By a ridiculous coincidence, during the descent the boatport was torn down in dry dock. There poured water. Because of the powerful flow of the ship several times "kissed" with the walls of the dock. Therefore, another three weeks after the incident, "Shinano" repaired.

Aircraft carrier shinano

The combat path of an aircraft carrier is hardly glorious. On the night of November 29, 1944, he failed to avoid a meeting with the SS-311 Archerfish submarine. The submarine fired six torpedoes across the ship and four of them reached the target. Shinano tried to retaliate against the boat and dropped more than a dozen depth bombs. But the Archerfish managed to escape.

After 17 hours after entering the first combat campaign, the Shinano sank safely 65 miles from the coast. According to military experts, this experimental vessel initially had no chance of survival. Numerous shortcomings made the Shinano an ideal victim for underwater predators.

Glider Ju-322

Against Britain, the Germans planned to use not airplanes, but gliders. Model Ju-322 was supposed to be a sort of lifesaver, dropping military equipment on Foggy Albion and delivering troops there. The wingspan of this “bird” was 62 meters, which made the German glider the largest in the world.

The work on the glider was carried out by the company “Junkers”. But this did not guarantee the project success, rather, on the contrary. Indeed, in the "Junkers" accustomed to work with metal, and Ju-322 had to be made from wood. Moreover, from high-quality wood. A "building materials" in the required amount was not corny. Therefore, the masters had to use absolutely any wood. This affected the gliders in the most negative way.

"Mammoths" created to attack Britain

Soon the glider received the official name - "Mammoth". The work was in full swing, but to achieve the desired results, everything did not work out. At first, the front spar was “capricious”, unable to withstand the calculated load. Then he took over the baton and back.

Somehow, but the German designers still managed to launch the “bird” with the help of the towing plane. These tests nearly ended in a catastrophe of both the plane and Mammoth.

Glider Ju-322

And although the tests were recognized as satisfactory, it was clear that the airframe design required serious and expensive modifications. Besides, no one knew how long it would take. And so the technical department ordered the Junkers to stop work on the Mammoths. And after a short time, all 98 gliders were sawn and set off to “feed” the gas generator machines.

Super heavy tank "Maus"

Germany began work on the creation of an armored monster at the end of 1942. The project was named "Maus". He was not spared money, so Ferdinand Porsche, who was entrusted with the creation of the tank, was able to approach the project, which is called, with a soul.

Ferdinand Porsche worked on Mouse.

As a result, he turned the hardest of all ever created tanks. He weighed 188.9 tons. And even though they created two "Mausa" in the fighting, they did not take part. The monsters even during testing revealed a whole scattering of problems. For example, because of the weight of the tanks could not overcome bridges. It was assumed that they can cross the river along the bottom. In addition, the "Mausa" were unreliable and often failed, and maintainability in field conditions was out of the question.

Tank "Maus"

Therefore, when in April 1945 the Soviet soldiers were on the outskirts of the range, the Germans decided to destroy the prototypes. After all, no one knew how to evacuate them. "Mausa" blew up. True, "kill" was only one armored monster. The second, as they say, got off with a slight fright. It was he who settled in the Kubinka Armored Museum.

Trophy tank is in the museum in Kubinka

There is a version that in fact the "Maus" was not two, but three. This is stated in the Soviet book "Designer of combat vehicles," published in 1988: "Then it turned out that the" Maus "was made in triplicate. About his combat use of evidence is not available. However, the two vehicles were taken out to combat positions: one of them was in the city of Zossen before the entrance to the building of the German General Staff, and the second was protected by the Reich Chancellery in Berlin. Well, the third, as we have already said, was inherited by us in a wrecked form at the Kummersdorf proving ground. ”

Watch the video: Forged in Fire: Top 7 Weapons. History (December 2019).


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