On November 17, students took to the streets - a demonstration was organized in memory of Jan Oplethal, a Czech student who died in 1939 during protests against the Nazi occupation of the Czech Republic. About 15 thousand people passed from the Prague Alberts district to the Vyshegrad hill to the coffin of the poet Karel Gynek Mahi.
After the demonstration was completed, the students headed to the center of Prague on Wenceslas Square. Gradually, the townspeople joined them. This action was already inconsistent, so the police did not allow the procession to reach the square. The day ended with the demonstrators being dispersed, some were beaten.
November 20, students of the capital declared a strike. Simultaneously, mass demonstrations began in the center of Prague and in other cities. Representatives of the intelligentsia, and subsequently workers, joined the actions of the students. On the fifth day of mass demonstrations, the politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union resigned, the government fell.
November 26 in the center of Prague rally with the participation of about 700 thousand people. The next day, people staged a strike demanding the abolition of the constitution’s article on the dominant role of the Communist Party, as well as the resignation of compromised party and government representatives and the holding of free elections.
On November 29, 1989, the parliament repealed the article of the constitution on the leading role of the Communist Party. Within a month, the parliament was reorganized.
In early 1993, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist, two new states emerged in its place - the Czech and Slovak Republics. November 17 is declared the Day of Struggle for Freedom and Democracy in the Czech Republic.