"No one is arbitrary as he is."

Estimates of agrarian reform varied from “the greatest evil” to “beneficent surgery”:

Vladimir Gurko, publicist, member of the Russian Assembly:

“Not only the bureaucracy, but also the public showed some strange timidity. The number of people who recognized and, most importantly, recognized all the negative aspects of communal land tenure, was more than significant, but the number of those who decided to speak out for energetic measures aimed at destroying the community was absolutely insignificant ... The land community seemed to be some kind of fetish to the national spirit by the form of land use, that it is hardly possible even to dream of its abolition ”

Lev Tolstoy:

“We thought in Russia to calm the agitated population, and waiting and wanting only one thing: the destruction of the right of land ownership (just as outrageous in our time as the serf was half a century ago), reassure the population so that, by destroying a community, form small-scale land ownership. The mistake was huge. Instead of using the consciousness of the illegality of the right of personal land ownership still living in the people, with the consciousness converging with the doctrine of man’s attitude to the land of the most advanced people of the world, together with putting this principle before the people, you thought to reassure him it to the most base, old, obsolete understanding of the relation of man to the earth, which exists in Europe, to the great regret of all thinking people in this Europe. "

Sergei Witte, first chairman of the Council of Ministers:

"Nobody executed so much and in the most ugly way, like him, Stolypin, nobody arbitrarily like him, no one spat as much as the law, like him, nobody destroyed it like that, even the appearance of justice like him, Stolypin, and everyone accompanying liberal speeches and gestures "

Vladimir Lenin:

“Stolypin is the minister of such an era when the feudal landlords struggled to bourgeois politics towards peasant agrarian life at the most accelerated pace, saying goodbye to all the romantic illusions and hopes of peasant“ patriarchy ”, looking for allies from the new, bourgeois elements of Russia in general and village Russia in particular. Stolypin tried to inject old wine into old bottles, old autocracy was transformed into bourgeois monarchy, and the collapse of Stolypin’s policy is the collapse of tsarism on this last, last tsarist way conceived ... conducted by the same landowners; the collapse of these attempts, undoubted now even for the Cadets, even for the Octobrists, is the collapse of the last possible policy for tsarist. "

From the speech of the participant of the All-Russian Agricultural Congress in 1913:

“The land tenure law has been advanced in the name of agronomic progress, and at every step the efforts to achieve it are paralyzed”

Alexander Krivoshein, Minister of Agriculture in the Government of P. A. Stolypin:

"The transition to farms and cuts - the task of several generations"

“The transfer of land to the ownership of the owners who process it and the fragmentation of large estates into small plots prejudge the change in the former system of local government. It is necessary to involve in the difficult and responsible work of restoring the ruined zemstvo life of a new, numerous class of small landowners, from among the working people in the land. To whom the land, the order of the Zemstvo, to that and the answer for this business and for the order of its conduct. It is only at this beginning that the built Zemstvo self-government, I consider, is now a firm support for further state-building. ”

Economist Peter Struve:

“No matter how Stolypin’s agrarian policy is concerned, it can be taken as the greatest evil, it can be blessed as a beneficent surgical operation,” he made a huge shift in Russian life with this policy. And - the shift is truly revolutionary both in essence and formally. For there can be no doubt that with the agrarian reform that liquidated the community, in terms of Russia's economic development, only the liberation of the peasants and the holding of railways can be put in one row. ”

Khutor magazine, # 8 for 1906:

"The Highest Decree of March 4 of this year established the provincial and district land surveying commissions ... The immediate task of the land survey commissions is to satisfy the land needs of the peasants, which are not urgent, in the shortest time possible ... Especially the disadvantage of peasant land use is long land, that is, remote land sites from the manor settlement, which impedes fertilizer and the processing of far lanes, due to the unproductive expenditure of time to travel to them. Another obstacle to proper housekeeping, the disadvantage is the fractional interband between sites. In order to eliminate the shortcomings of peasant land use, land management commissions should attend to facilitating the resettlement of large villages, reducing the land to certain places in farm-type areas ... "

Leon Trotsky:

"Stolypin scrapped the peasant community to expand the arena of capitalist forces"

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