Today Diletant.media recalls interesting facts from the biography of the Russian revolutionary and one of the founders of Soviet advertising, Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan.
Anastas Mikoyan, Joseph Stalin and Grigory Ordzhonikidze, 1924
Anastas Mikoyan began his political career during the life of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin and resigned only under Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev. At the end of the 1970s, the following adage was written about Anastas Mikoyan: "From Ilyich to Ilyich without a heart attack and paralysis."
- Anastas Mikoyan was the editor of the Social Democrat and News of the Baku Council newspapers.
- As part of the group of so-called "Caucasians" (former members of the Transcaucasian organization), Anastas Mikoyan supported the course of Stalin in the inner-party struggle.
On the recommendation of Joseph Stalin, Mikoyan in the summer of 1922 was appointed secretary of the South-Eastern Bureau of the Central Committee of the RKP (b), and then chairman of the North Caucasian Regional Party Committee. In his last post, Mikoyan pursued a more flexible policy towards the Cossacks.
- In folklore, the “unit of political longevity” was called “one Mikoyan”.
- Anastas Mikoyan heads the underground Bolshevik regional committee in Baku
- During the "great breakthrough" supported Stalin. With his sanction, hundreds of employees of the People's Commissariat of Food Industry and the People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs of the USSR were arrested. Mikoyan not only sanctioned the arrest, but also himself initiated the arrest. Submissions were made Mikoyan and in respect of employees of several organizations of the USSR Foreign Trade. In the fall of 1937, Mikoyan traveled to Armenia to purge the party and state bodies of this republic from "enemies of the people." Mikoyan was accompanied on this trip by Malenkov and a group of NKVD workers.
- Mikoyan headed the commission on charges of counter-revolutionary activities of prominent party members. He, in particular, together with Yezhov, was a rapporteur at the February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) in the Bukharin case (1937). It was Mikoyan who spoke on behalf of the Politburo of the VKP (b) Central Committee at the solemn active of the NKVD, dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the organs of the Cheka-GPU-NKVD. After praising Yezhov’s activities, justifying mass repressions, Mikoyan concluded his report with the words: “Nice work NKVD during this time!"- referring to the year 1937.
- On March 5, 1940, together with I. V. Stalin, V. M. Molotov, and K. Ye. Voroshilov, signed the decision of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B.) On the execution of captured Polish officers, policemen, border guards, gendarmes, etc. ( Katynsky shooting).
Anastas Mikoyan's family
- At 14:55 on November 6, 1942, Red shots from Anastas Mikoyan's car stopped in front of the driver who blocked the road by Anastas Mikoyan made three shots from a rifle deserted by Red Army soldier Dmitriev from Ust-Kamenogorsk, then engaged in a battle with the Kremlin guard. Only with the help of two grenades he was able to neutralize. Dmitriev took Mikoyan’s car for Joseph Stalin’s car. Dmitriev was shot in 1950.
- During all the war years, Mikoyan was intensely engaged in the development of catering. A large number of canteens at industrial enterprises and institutions were opened. Catering has become for many workers and employees the main form of food during the war.
- Mikoyan contributed to the development of Soviet advertising. According to V.M. Berezhkov, Stalin’s personal translator, in his memoirs:
«It was already dark, the square was lit by bright lanterns, a bright advertisement was burning on the roof of the Polytechnic Museum: “It’s time for everyone to try, how crabs are tasty and tender,” “I eat jam and jam,” “Do you need a present in your house?” Buy Don Hall. This is all an idea of Mikoyan, who also oversaw domestic trade. He invited famous poets to come up with catchy advertisements like Mayakovsky: “Nowhere except in Mosselprom”»
- In sensitive matters, Mikoyan always took an evasive position: so, during the discussion of Beria’s fate, he agreed with all the accusations, but at the same time expressed the hope that Beria “would take into account the criticism”. He had a similar position at first regarding the exposure of Joseph Stalin: when Khrushchev suggested discussing whether to condemn Stalin’s actions at a meeting of the Presidium of the Central Committee before the 20th Congress in 1956, Mikoyan didn’t speak either for or against, but actually made an anti-Stalinist speech during the congress (although not naming Stalin by name), declaring the existence of a “personality cult”, stressing the need for peaceful coexistence with the West and the peaceful road to socialism, criticizing Stalin’s works —Brief Course on the History of the CPSU (B.) ”and“ Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR ”. Following this, Mikoyan headed the commission for the rehabilitation of prisoners.
- At the plenum of the Central Committee of 1957, Khrushchev firmly supported the anti-Party group, thus ensuring for himself a new rise in his party career.
With an official visit to Berlin, 1954. Meeting with Wilhelm Peak
- After 1957, Mikoyan became one of the main trustees of Khrushchev: he toured Asia, and in 1959, to prepare for the visit, Khrushchev visited the United States and also held talks with Fidel Castro about establishing Soviet-Cuban relations; In 1962, he actively participated in the settlement of the "Caribbean Crisis", leading personally negotiations with Kennedy and Castro.
- July 15, 1964 Anastas Mikoyan was elected to the post of Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. During the October (1964) plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, he tried to carefully defend Khrushchev, emphasizing his foreign policy merits. As a result, in December 1965, Mikoyan was dismissed as having reached 70 years of age. At the same time, Anastas Mikoyan remained a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1965-74). At the same time received the sixth Order of Lenin.
- Anastas Mikoyan is buried at Novodevichy Cemetery. On his grave there is an epitaph in Armenian.