A. Kuznetsov: For a decade and a half, two villages - Nagyrev and Tissakurt, as well as several farms between them - became the site of the commission of numerous crimes of the same type. A group of women (we are talking about 26 ladies who were brought to justice) all this time was engaged in sending their relatives and friends to the world for various reasons and reasons.
Let's start with the poison. Whose invention was it, is still not very clear. As the main person involved, they call a certain Julia Fazekash, a midwife by profession. Fazekash settled in Nagyrev in 1911. According to the documents, she was a married woman, but no one had ever seen her husband.
Using her medical knowledge, Fazekash somehow came across the idea of making a poison based on two components: arsenic and belladonna. She got the first one in a rather simple way - from a sticky tape from flies, which was sold in a local shop. Fazekash boiled this tape and used the resulting solution as poison. The second component she extracted from the plant, which is called belladonna.
Photos from the site dust. savranista.com
S. Buntman: Only Julia Fazekash was engaged in the manufacture of poison?
A. Kuznetsov: In different sources, another name is called - Zhuzhanna Olakh. However, some authors claim that Fazekash and Olah are one and the same person. And yet, contrary to most opinions, it seems that we are talking about two different women. Why? Firstly, all sources agree that Fazekash appeared in Nagyrev without her husband, and Zhuzhanna Olakh already in the village poisoned her elderly spouse.
Now to the question of what actually happened? According to various sources, from 45 to 300 people in 15 years have been poisoned to the next world ...
S. Buntman: What was the cause?
A. Kuznetsov: It was the First World War. Most of the men from Nagyreva went to the front. However, the women did not miss, because prisoners of war appeared in the vicinity of the village. The mode of detention in the camp was not prison: prisoners of war were released on daytime part-time jobs as laborers, and so on. Inevitably, what usually happens in such a situation began to happen.
Returning to Fazekash. Apparently, she did not immediately come to the idea of starting to make money by selling poison. Before that, her main earnings were criminal abortions, for which she drew the attention of the police several times, but each time she managed to get out of it.
S. Buntman: And then she decided to change activities.
A. Kuznetsov: Yes, since there was considerable demand for poisons in the village.
Photos from the site en. wikimannia.org
So who was hounded? First, husbands who returned from the war. Many of them were crippled, angry, could not find work. Naturally, drunkenness and domestic violence began. Well, as is usually the case, someone set an example, the rest picked him up. We started with husbands, then switched to children ...
S. Buntman: They for what?
A. Kuznetsov: Unloved, unwanted, unnecessary. For example, one of those sentenced to death, a certain Maria Kardosh, first poisoned her husband, then her lover, and then her 23-year-old disabled son. This fact made a particularly strong impression on the jury. At trial, Kardosh said that when she had already given poison to her son (that is, he was already poisoned), she finally asked him to sing to her.
S. Buntman: Incredible. And how did they get out?
A. Kuznetsov: In fact, it is striking not what finally came out to them, but how long it all lasted. That is, apparently, there was a certain women's mutual responsibility, which did not release information beyond the borders of this small rural district. Plus, it must be said that all of this would have been impossible if it were not for cousin Fazekash, who was responsible in the village for issuing death certificates. That is, someone allegedly died from drunkenness, someone from a heart attack, someone lost consciousness, hit his head, and so on.
There are several versions of how the police investigation began. According to one version, one of the ladies, a certain Mrs. Shabo, tried to poison one of the men. He survived and complained about it. Police arrested the poisoner. During the interrogation, Shabo showed up at her fellow villager, a certain Bukoveneski lady. She, being also arrested, pointed to Fazekash. During interrogations, the latter behaved very confidently, so the police, having no evidence, released her, but at the same time decided to observe what will happen next.
And then the police witnessed how Fazekash, as they say, went from door to door to the villagers and persuade them to remain silent.
Photo from dorar-aliraq.net
Well, and then quite an enchanting story. Spying on women led the police to watch at night as Fazekash and several of her accomplices went to the cemetery and became ... what do you think?
S. Buntman: Digging up the body?
A. Kuznetsov: No, rearrange tombstones. Apparently, the poisoners understood that there would be an exhumation and would quickly calculate them. Behind this business and grabbed them.
Well, the final point, which opened the whole thing, was the fact that in several burials allegedly traces of crimes were discovered: somewhere a bottle of poison, somewhere poisoned food.
The investigation was conducted for two years. At first, more than a hundred people were arrested, then, little by little, they began to let out those whose guilt could not be proved. In the end, 35 people were charged. 26 were convicted.
S. Buntman: Julia Fazekash, Jujana Olah ...
A. Kuznetsov: Yes. Sister last, and very elderly. The above-named Maria Kardosh. Two women, Rosalia Sebastiyan and Rosa Hoeba, poisoned bored husbands. Some Lydia Chersey, who killed her parents. Maria Varga confessed that she had bought poison from Fazekash and sent a husband to that world who had returned from the war blind. A certain Juliana Lipki poisoned seven people in general: her stepmother, aunt, brother, husband's wife and, finally, on Christmas Eve, with a special, one might say, cynicism - of her husband. Maria Shindi confessed to the court that she committed the murder of her husband for philosophical reasons.
S. Buntman: Modnenko.
A. Kuznetsov: Yes. Thus, she protested against the fact that men in all of this world are in charge, and women can only obey.
S. Buntman: All executed?
A. Kuznetsov: No, only two. The rest received a life sentence. Well, plus Olah, apparently committed suicide.