Year of issue: 1997
A country: France
The life of Charles Ogier de Batz de Castelmore, Count D'Artagnan was not in everything in line with the fate of his book namesake, the hero of the trilogy about the exploits of musketeers. In fact, there was no 19-year-old Gascon who conquered Paris. And there was no his rivalry with the powerful Cardinal Richelieu.
Real D'Artagnan joined the company of the royal musketeers at the age of 31, two years after the death of Richelieu. Gascon nobleman of dubious origin was able to advance thanks to the faithful service of the first minister of Louis XIV, Cardinal Mazarin. After the death of his benefactor, D'Artagnan began to carry out the delicate instructions of the king himself, the most responsible of which was the arrest of the general controller of finance, mired in corruption, Fuke. The Musketeers, under the command of their lieutenant D'Artagnan, though not on the first attempt, but detained the all-powerful minister, and then they kept him in Bastille for five years.
After this, D'Artagnan became the actual commander of the Musketeers company. Nominally, she was commanded by the king himself. Louis considered him to be his most faithful servant, and even closed his eyes when the boastful Gascon appropriated the title of count. The king made him governor of Lille, but the civilian service did not please the military officer, and he was asked to return to the army. Having received the rank of field marshal, he participated in the Franco-Dutch war and died during the storming of Maastricht in 1673. The army who loved him mourned his loss, and the saddened Louis XIV said: "It was almost the only person who managed to make people love themselves without doing anything for them to oblige them to it."
Despite his fame, Marshal D'Artagnan was almost forgotten, but 170 years later he was revived again under the pen of Alexandre Dumas to become one of the ever-living characters of world literature. Today there are four monuments of D'Artagnan, but only one of them - in Maastricht - is set in memory of the feat of a real person. The rest are devoted to the literary hero.