The year of publishing: 1985
A country: Tuvalu
In childhood, the future king received a psychological trauma. He was eight years old when, during the war of Scarlet and White Roses, his father died - the leader of York, who claimed the throne. Enemies hoisted his severed head over Wayfield's gate, mockingly put the crown of gilded paper on her.
While the civil war was on, little Richard could not claim the throne - he was the fourth son. In 1461, his elder brother Edward IV occupied the throne. While the years of his stormy rule were in progress, the way to the throne for Richard was considerably reduced: Brother Edmund died in battle, and his brother George was sank in a barrel of malvaziya for participation in the plot. Richard grew up, established himself as a great commander and loyal associate of his crowned brother.
In 1483, Edward IV died. Heir declared his eldest son, 12-year-old Edward. Three days before the coronation, on the orders of Uncle Richard, the heir was sent to the Tower, of course, for greater security. But the fortress immediately turned into a prison. Little Edward never came out of it, and his younger brother made up the company for him. The path to the throne was free, and Richard became king. In England, rumors spread that he ordered the princes to be killed.
The reign of Richard III lasted only 2 years. Despite the fact that he did a lot of good things for England, the people did not like him and considered him a murderer. Even his appearance in the memory of his descendants was distorted: Richard III really was short and dark-skinned, but he did not have a hump. In addition, it seems that he did not kill his nephews either. A study of the remains of princes found in the 17th century in the Tower revealed that they had died at the age of about 17–18 years. That is, after the death of their uncle.
Opposition to Richard was led by Heinrich Tudor. Fortified with money hostile to France, he landed with the army in Wales. The army, which went out to meet the rioters, was led by Richard himself. On August 22, 1485, he died in the Battle of Bosworth. The crown was removed from his hacked head and immediately hoisted on Tudor, proclaimed king Henry VII.
Lead image: wikipedia.org
Announcement image (stamp): author's personal collection