October 15 (October 3, old style) 1814 in Moscow was born Mikhail Y. Lermontov. Poet and writer, who could become a new Pushkin, died early. The reason for this is partly because Lermontov was a rather scandalous person, often he publicly insulted representatives of the high society, which, ultimately, led to a deadly duel. Diletant.media remembered with whom Mikhail Yurievich managed to make a big talk over his short life.
Tyrant of women's hearts
According to the memoirs of Prince A. Vasilchikov, there were two people in Lermontov: one was good-natured, for a small circle of his closest friends and for those few persons for whom he had particular respect; the other is arrogant and perky, for all other acquaintances.
People who knew the poet closely were confident in his “good character” and “loving heart”. But Lermontov considered it humiliating for him to appear kind and loving before the highest vet. On the contrary, he tried his best to appear merciless in words, cruel in deeds, implacable tyrant of women's hearts.
So, he decided to upset Sushkova's marriage with Lopukhin. It got to the point that the girl was compromised in the eyes of "light", hitting the position of the funny heroine of a failed novel. Moreover, in the last explanation the poet bluntly stated that he does not love her and, it seems, never loved her.
The attention of Nicholas I Lermontov drew a poem to the death of Pushkin. The first version of the Poet's Death ended with the words: "And on his lips is his seal." She quickly dispersed in society, caused a storm and ... new praise to Dantes, Alexander Sergeyevich’s murderer. In anger, Lermontov added another 16 lines, beginning with the words "And you, arrogant descendants ...". Nicholas I was enraged by these new words, in which responsibility for the death of Pushkin was placed on the imperial court. He even sent a doctor to Lermontov to “make sure that the poet was not obsessed”.
A.I. Klunder, Lermontov after returning from the first link
Arrest and trial followed, followed by the emperor himself. Pushkin's friends stood up for Lermontov, especially Zhukovsky, who was close to the imperial family. Grandmother, who had secular connections, also did everything to alleviate the fate of the only grandson. As a result, Lermontov was transferred to the Nizhny Novgorod Dragoon Regiment operating in the Caucasus. The poet went into exile, where he stayed for several months, and then (through the efforts of his grandmother) was transferred to Petersburg.
From the first link Lermontov brought a lot of new poetic works. After “The Poet's Death,” he became one of the most popular writers in Russia, and in light of it is now perceived very differently. Lermontov entered the circle of Pushkin friends and began to print.
Not without scandals. February 16, 1840 in the house of Countess Laval in the midst of the ball quarrel of Lermontov broke out with Ernest, the son of the French ambassador de Barant. The poet was blackened in the eyes of a young Frenchman, talking about an old epigram (which was addressed to another person altogether). At the ball, Barant approached Lermontov and demanded an explanation from him. The duel took place on February 18 early in the morning on Pargolovskaya road, behind the Black River, not far from the place where Pushkin was shooting with Dantes.
The duel began with swords. Striking a blow, Barant slipped and only scratched Lermontov's chest. Switched to guns. The ambassador's son missed, the poet fired into the air. The duel ended in peace.
But the secret ways of the duel became known to the authorities. Lermontov was arrested and put before a military court for “failure to report” about a duel. The king ordered to again exile the poet in the Caucasus. And to young Barant, in order not to involve him in the judicial investigation, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Count Nesselrode, in a private conversation advised him to go abroad for some time.
The second reference to the Caucasus radically differed first. Now his arrival was accompanied by the personal order of the emperor not to let the poet go from the front line and engage him in military operations.
In Pyatigorsk, there was a quarrel between the poet and retired major Nikolai Martynov. According to the memoirs of N. Lorer, Martynov wore a Circassian costume and exaggerated the tastes of the Highlanders, thereby incurring the ridicule of his comrades, between whom Lermontov, according to his mentality, was more implacable than all. As long as these jokes were within the limits of decency, everything went well. When the poet allowed himself inappropriate jokes in the company of women, Martynov noticed Lermontov all their irrelevance. “But a bilious and bored person did not leave his victim, and when they met each other in the house of the Big Brothers, Lermontov continued to joke and mock Martynov, who finally lost patience, said he would find a means to silence the offender. Spoiled by the general attention, Lermontov could not give way and replied that he was not afraid of threats and would not change his behavior, ”wrote Lorer.
The duel took place on July 15 (July 27) 1841. Lermontov shot in the air, Martynov - right in the chest to the poet.
K.A. Gorbunov, the last lifetime portrait of Lermontov
In his memoirs, P. Vyazemsky noted that Nikolay I, having learned about the death of Lermontov, said: “A dog is a dog's death”. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna greeted these words with reproach. Then the emperor, going into another room to those who remained after the service (it happened after Sunday liturgy), declared: “Gentlemen, the news has been received that the one who could replace Pushkin with us has been killed.”
The funeral of Lermontov took place on July 17 (July 29), 1841 at the old Pyatigorsk cemetery. After 8 months, the poet's grandmother, having received the permission of the emperor, transported the body of his grandson to the family crypt of the village of Tarkhany.