Daniel Bun - the enemy of the Indians and the conqueror of Kentucky

Year of publication: 1942

Country: USA

Daniel Boone was born in 1734 into a family of religious Quakers from Pennsylvania. However, the measured life of a farmer or merchant did not attract him, since childhood Daniel was pulled to himself by spaces not yet inhabited by British colonists. From the age of 13, Boon was already famous for his feats of hunting: at such a young age, he shot his first cougar.


“Daniel Boone and his three companions examine Kentucky” (Thomas Gilbert White, Frankfort, painting in the Kentucky Capitol). Mark from the author's personal collection

In 1756, Boone participated in the French-Indian War. The confrontation with the Cherokee tribes so fascinated militiaman Buna that he did not write his wife for two years. She considered her husband dead and gave birth to a daughter from his brother. After returning home, Boone forgave relatives, and raised his daughter as his own.

In a relatively peaceful time, Daniel took up the hunt, and beat the beast on lands belonging to the Shawnee tribe. The Indians did not like it, but at first they just took the fur from the poacher and sent him back home. However, Boone has already managed to appreciate the benefits of land belonging to the Shawnee. In 1773, he led about fifty immigrants who moved inland to the state of Kentucky. The Indians attacked the colonists and killed several boys, including the son of Boone. The immigrants did not stop, and in 1775 they founded the first outpost in Kentucky, called Bunsboro. The Indians constantly besieged the village, in 1776 they captured Buna's daughter, Jeminu. The story of her release and formed the basis of the novel Cooper.

Constant clashes of settlers from the Shawnee continued. It is not surprising that during the American Revolutionary War the Indians supported Britain: they hoped that the king would stop the colonists' claims on their lands. In 1778, the men of Bunsboro went on a hunt, where they were captured by the leader of the shawnee Black Fish. The village, where there were women and children, was left defenseless. However, the captive Bun, whose name was already thundering among the Indians, managed to convince the leader not to attack Bunsboro, saying that in winter he would surrender to the mercy of the Indians anyway. Part of the captured men were handed over to the English by the Saunas, and the strongest, including Buna, were accepted into their tribe in order to “compensate” the loss of soldiers killed in the battles. Daniel, named Big Turtle, was taken to his family by the leader himself. Captured by Shawnee, Boone lived for half a year, then made a daring escape. Daniel tried to try for collusion with the Indians, but he was fully acquitted, and the newspapers covering the process made Boone famous throughout America.

In his declining years, Boon started selling land. Without legal rights, he generously sold fertile land. However, for successful speculation, the old hunter lacked a business acumen. Boone quickly went bankrupt, got into huge debts, became the object of legal prosecution. From his beloved Kentucky, Boon was forced to move to Missouri, where he died in 1820.

Source: Philatelia.ru
Photo of the announcement: wikipedia.org / Photo lead: wikipedia.org

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