Boston Massacre

In 1768, Britain imposed high taxes on basic goods produced in England and imported into the colonies. The Massachusetts House of Representatives in Boston began a campaign against new taxes: a petition was written to King George III, and letters were sent to chambers in other states asking to join the resistance and boycott merchants importing goods from England. Letters to other provinces from Boston in London were answered by orders from the American governors to disperse all resisting parliaments. At the same time, a ship of His Majesty the Romney was sent to Boston. He arrived there in May 1768. Also, “as many troops as would be needed” (General Thomas Gage) was put in to suppress the uprising.

During the occupation of Boston by the royal army in the city, an anonymous leaflet “The Accident Magazine” was published telling about the clashes between the local and British corps. Especially a lot of problems caused the issue of supplying soldiers. Friction grew when Christopher Sider, “a young man of eleven years old,” was killed by soldiers on February 22, 1770. Sider's death was glorified in the Boston Newspaper, and farewell to him became the most widespread throughout the existence of the city. Christopher is considered the first victim of the American revolution. His death and the subsequent increase in propaganda in the press poured oil on the fire of mutual hatred of soldiers and citizens. Gangs of patriots were looking for an opportunity to attack the royal soldiers, who in turn wanted the same.

The building is a former colonial government. The clash occurred right on the square in front of the balcony

The slaughter began with a trifle. A boy assistant merchant demanded that a British officer pay the debt. He fulfilled the requirements, and ignored the insults with which the guy accompanied the requirements. A private soldier standing next to the young man made a remark that he was more respectful with the officer. The guy started scolding and with the private. Meanwhile, onlookers were going. In the end, the private man got so sick of the guy's behavior that he hit him with the butt of a musket. The abuse began. More soldiers came running, the colonists were also going. At this time, the bell begins to strike - a warning of a fire - the people dumped it on the street. No one has already figured out anything, the crowd acted according to the principle “we are beaten!” The soldiers were all crowded, they formed themselves for defense and loaded their weapons. At the same time, Captain Thomas Preston tried to calm the crowd, assuring that no one would shoot without his team (he himself stood right in front of the weapons — the bullets would hit him). The crowd in every way provoked the soldiers. “Shoot!” - stones and dirt flew along with a shout at the British.

Finally, the stone fell into Private Montgomery. He dropped the musket, raised it, shouted: "Damn it! Fire! ”And discharged the weapon in the direction of the crowd. Captain Preston was wounded in the arm. During the skirmish, the soldiers shot three and wounded eleven Bostonians, two failed to recover from their wounds and died. Governor Thomas Hutchinson barely managed to calm the crowd, which blocked him in the building of the local council. After the incident, the troops were withdrawn, the soldiers and the officer were arrested. On March 27, eight soldiers, Captain Preston and four civilians were charged with the killings. In November of the same year, four soldiers were convicted, and four civilians were expelled from Massachusetts. The incident was actively exaggerated in the press, stirring up the discontent of 13 colonies with the metropolis.

Watch the video: The Boston Massacre - Snow and Gunpowder - Extra History (April 2020).